As Colorado anticipates a surge in electric vehicles (EVs) on its roads, there are growing concerns about the readiness of power grids to meet the increased demand for charging infrastructure. With the state aiming for 940,000 electric vehicles by 2030, experts warn that upgrading power grids in time will be a formidable challenge.
Rory Berumen, Electrician and Executive Director of the National Electrical Contractor’s Association’s Rocky Mountain Chapter, sheds light on the complexity of the task. He emphasizes the need for extensive planning and a trained workforce to meet the ambitious deadlines set by the state. The older electric grids in many Colorado neighborhoods are not equipped to handle the simultaneous charging of multiple EVs, posing the risk of blackouts or brownouts.
Berumen points out that while some factors, such as vehicle waitlists and concerns about mileage range, may provide a buffer, supply chain and manpower challenges pose significant obstacles to critical grid improvements. Shortages of essential components, like transformers, contribute to potential delays in infrastructure upgrades.
Power companies like Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association and Xcel Energy are actively engaging in proactive distribution system planning to manage the demands of EV charging. They are developing programs to control EV charging demand and balance existing infrastructure with demand response strategies.
Despite these efforts, Berumen underscores the need for state-level changes, including financial support, streamlined permitting processes, and incentives to expand the electrician workforce. Reg Rudolph, Chief Energy Innovations Officer at Tri-State, emphasizes the importance of managing distribution grids efficiently to avoid rapid infrastructure investments.
Nadia El Mallakh, Vice President of Clean Transportation and Strategic Partnerships for Xcel, highlights the significance of proactive distribution system planning. Xcel is investing $50 million in “no regrets” infrastructure upgrades along trucking corridors and advancing metering technology to inform grid updates.
Individual homeowners are also urged to consider upgrading their electric systems to accommodate the power demands of EV charging. Berumen advises homeowners with older homes and lower amp panels to assess the need for panel replacements, which could cost up to $4,000.
In conclusion, experts stress the need for an “all hands on deck” approach, involving homeowners, power companies, and state leaders to address the challenges and seize the opportunities presented by the growing adoption of electric vehicles in Colorado. As the state navigates the road to EV readiness, collaboration and strategic planning will be key to building a sustainable and resilient charging infrastructure.